There has been a rise in the transition of project management, product management and software development teams from traditional Waterfall methodologies to Agile ones.
Those who don’t know much about agile, are also unaware of its popular frameworks like Kanban that is used to implement agile software development. It requires full transparency of work along with real-time communication.Visual representation of items on a kanban board allows team members to acknowledge the state of every piece of work.
Scrum is also the framework of agile for completing complex projects. The scrum master is a facilitator of an agile team. He/She manages the whole process for how information is exchanged. Many organizations take CSM training and certifying their skills in practicing Scrum.
This page is a comparison between Agile and Scrum and outlines the main difference between them.
What is Agile?
An incremental, iterative approach to software development is called Agile. Agile methodologies are open to changing requirements and motivate feedback from the end users; doesn't matter how much in-depth planning is done at the beginning of a project.
Teams are cross-functional and work on iterations of a product for a time, and all the performed tasks are organized into a backlog, and its priority is set that depends on customer value and business. The end goal of each iteration is the working product.
Leadership in agile methodologies encourages collaborative culture, face to face communication and accountability. The alignment of a product with customer’s needs and company’s goals requires the working of business stakeholders and developers together in Agile.
Methodologies used to implement Agile:
Extreme Programming: It is a type of software development that intends to improve quality and responsiveness to changing requirements. Assuming simplicity and embracing change are its principles.
Feature-driven development (FDD): Being iterative, it blends all industry best practices into one approach. It includes five activities: overall development of the model, create feature list, plan by feature, design by feature, and build by feature.
Adaptive system development (ASD): “Project should always be in a state of continuous adaptation,” is the idea of ASD. Speculate, collaborate, and learn are its three repeating series.
Dynamic Systems Development Method (DSDM): It is used for developing non-IT solutions and software. It solves the common IT problems, like over budget and missing deadlines.
Lean Software Development (LSD): It has seven principles: removal of waste, more learning, decide as late as possible, faster delivery, team empowerment, build integrity in, and see the whole.
Kanban: It is a visual framework to implement Agile. Its implementation promotes small and continuous changes to your pertinent system. The visualization of the workflow, limit work in progress, manage and enhance the flow, make explicit policies, and continuous improvement are its principles.
Crystal Clear: It is the part of the Crystal family of methodologies. It focuses on the people, not processes or artifacts and can be used with teams of six to eight developers.
Scrum: An iterative software model that follows a set of roles, responsibilities, and meetings that do not change with time.
How agile addresses software:
In agile, development teams are able to focus on important needs of customers in a faster way. The project team and stakeholders prioritize the right requirements with continuous feedback and frequent face-to-face interactions.
The use of backlogs with user stories is essential in agile to manage requirements. The team collectively decides and agrees on which requirements they should meet with the next delivery before the beginning of every iteration. This ensures the prioritization of the most important features.
When to Use Agile
The line becomes little blurry when it comes to using of Agile versus the use of Scrum. They both have a lot in common because Scrum is one of the frameworks in the Agile process. It requires your understanding of agile in general to implement it successfully.
We recommend using Agile if:
- The final version of the product is not defined.
- The stakeholders need to change the scope
- Implementation of changes is essential during the whole process.
- The team is adaptable and can work independently
- You seek rapid deployment to optimise
Advantages of Agile
Agile is the result of different lightweight software approaches and is a response to rigid, linear Waterfall methodology which had become difficult to follow in project management. It brings flexibility, speed, and continuous improvement.
Check out the top advantages of Agile:
Embrace the change: It becomes easy to accommodate changes at any time throughout the process with shorter planning cycles. Agile allows you to refine and reprioritize the backlog with which your team will be able to introduce the changes in a project in a couple of weeks.
Unknown end-goal: If your project’s end goal is not defined then Agile will work for you. The goals will come to light with the progress of a project with the easier adaptability of development to evolving requirements.
Faster delivery: Agile Breaks down the project into iterations or manageable units that allow focusing on high-quality development, collaboration, and testing. It involves robust testing during each iteration that identifies bugs and solves everything quickly.
What is Scrum?
One of the most effective process frameworks to implement agile is Scrum, which is a subset of it. It manages complex software and product development as it is an iterative software development model.
Teams can ship software on a regular cadence by fixed-length iterations called sprints that last for one to two weeks. Stakeholders and team members meet at the end of each sprint to plan next steps. Scrum involves set of roles, responsibilities, and meetings that do not change.
Many people ask a question-how to move from the Scrum to Kanban?
Start by analyzing the serious problems that your team faces in Scrum environment. If sprint planning takes much of your potential time that can be put to cater other important tasks, then you should move to Kanban. You need to guide your team about Kanban because it involves various changes like replacing of sprint planning. If the increase in efficiency is the goal, then your team will surely be able to adapt to Kanban in short time.
This article is written by Danish Wadhwa of Simplilearn. It is one of the leading certification training providers. "Danish Wadhwa is a strategic thinker and an IT Pro. With more than six years of expertise in the digital marketing industry, he is more than a results-driven individual. He is well-versed in providing high-end technical support, optimizing sales and automating tools to stimulate productivity for businesses."