What Is Risk Management?
Risk management is the process of identifying, analyzing and mitigating or accepting that some investment decisions you make are uncertain. It is the measure of how volatile a market or stock is when compared to others. It mainly occurs when managers or investors analyze and calculate the probability of losing a particular investment and then taking the right actions.
Risk Management Strategies
Investments involve some amount of risk. Because of this, financial institutions such as banks and brokerage firms have used several strategies to manage risks. Strategies such as comprehensive risk assessment, risk-focused practices, and program development and implementation have helped financial intuitions stay on top of risk management.
However, since the industry is constantly undergoing changes and uncertainty, you must execute new ways of managing and reducing risks. Traditional sources of profitability are also under pressure to include digital banking and develop a customer-centric approach.
Failing to execute such a new approach may place the more traditional players at a competitive disadvantage. To safely adapt, they also need to align their business strategies with good risk management practices.
Note that since internal operating systems are becoming more driven by technology, the new ways of managing risks may require you or your institution to pay more attention to managing strategic risks. To manage risks effectively, you will have to:
- Form ownership and governance for strategic risk management
- Make all stakeholders accountable for strategic risk management
- Establish review processes that will allow you to have challenge strategies and independent oversight linked to risk appetite setting
- Train risk management team in future risk management approaches
- Have frameworks that help in assessing the impact of risk on crucial business variables
Remember, risks are quantifiable. Once you know and understand the various threats you face, you will know the right investment opportunities, and this will also help your investors make the right investment decisions.
Risks Management Skills Every Manager Should Have
Today, successful risk management requires more than just having the right strategies. Though the digital world has opened up new opportunities in the financial industry, it also comes with several risks.
Risk managers need to know how to learn the different threats they can face and the right strategy to mitigate risks. To do this, they should have the right skills or traits. These skills include:
- An eye for detail and sharp analytical skills to assess risks
- Deep financial knowledge and skills
- Good negotiating skills
- Ability to work under stress or pressure
- Good communication and presentation skills
- Problem-solving skills
- Knowledge of the industry and market
- Technical skills
- Strategic thinking
It is also ideal for risk managers to also hold an academic credential in risk and finance. Good knowledge of risks will ensure that risk managers and their teams can understand the trends and context of the risks by evaluating factors like the cause of the risk, the likelihood of a negative impact, level of preparedness, how to mitigate or manage the risk, and more.
The Impact of Technology on Risk Management
Risk management is based on data. Because of this, it is greatly influenced by technology and evolution. IT has helped facilitate the automation of various processes such as risk identification, monitoring, and more.
A good risk management strategy should have better information and data to help organizations take the right actions against risks. Technology can also help you predict risks, and this will give you time to make informed decisions and take the right actions against risks.
Several IT tools and applications have shaped industries and influenced risk management. These tools and applications include:
- Automation tools like SharePoint, PowerPoint, and Excel that help in risk tracking and reporting
- Social Media to monitor reviews, content, customer satisfaction, and find valuable insights
- Data integration and analytics that can help in fraud management, money laundering, credit management, and integrated risk management
- Data mining techniques to identify fraud and predict future risks
- Open data
- Cloud computing
- The internet of things (IoT) gives institutions more devices and sensors linked to the internet to help gather significant data
- Digital image processing
- Cybersecurity to protect data, programs, networks, and networks from breaches or attacks
- AI technology to help merge procedures, policies, Improve compliance and controls
The evolution in risk technology, computing, and other related developments in technology such as compliance (GRC) systems, mobile applications, governance, enterprise resource planning (ERP), and more are vital for risk management. These advancements in technology will influence your strategies and make them more effective.
It is vital to have proper risk management practices and programs to mitigate the adverse effects that the risks can have on the institution. This may involve identifying any potential risks in advance, analyzing them, including technology, and taking the right strategies or steps to eliminate them.